Benefits & Risks of Fistula Surgery

An anal fistula develops due to a collection of pus or abscess in and around the anal canal. This pus when occurs on the surface of the skin and remains open for a long time a fistula is formed. It is an unusual passage that is formed between the lining on the inside of your anal canal and the skin near the anus.  Though, it can drain away by itself or either by a surgery.

The fistula doctor in greater Kailash has listed few symptoms of anal fistula include:

•             Swelling followed with pain around the anus.

•             Leakage or bleeding of pus

•             Incontinence

•             Inflammation or irritation of the skin around the anus.

There are different kinds of surgery for anal fistula surgery. The type of surgery you want to undergo depends upon combine decision of you and the doctor given the position of anal fistula like if it’s below the sphincter muscle, your doctor will leave the wound open for healing tissues, or if it’s through the sphincter muscle, the surgeon will place a seton stitch in fistula to eliminate pus and if it’s above the sphincter muscle, an incision or cut will be made in the sphincter muscle. Though there are other options available like painless hemorrhoids treatment in India, again it depends upon how severe your condition is.

 The major benefits of undergoing anal fistula surgery include:

•             As the procedure is 30 minutes long so you will be given discharge on the probably the same day. Hence, overnight hospital stay cost is eliminated.

•             The operation is found to be most successful as it can heal the fistula completely and may prevent other infections.

What complications can happen?

Although, most of the people are not affected by the possible risks. However, there are certain general risks in every operation. The most possible outcomes can be side-effects of anesthesia or bleeding or infection and sometimes the formation of blood clots. Therefore, to avoid the formation of clots in the vein of the legs, a leading fistula surgeon in south Delhi advises wearing compression stockings after surgery. Moreover, an anti-clotting medicine or injection is also given to avoid the formation of clots.

1. Some of the immediate complications include:

•             Pain

•             Bleeding or infection: In this surgery wound is kept open in closeness to fecal matter which can be a cause to infection. Hence, proper cleaning is vital.

•             Unsightly scarring

2. Some other specific complications include:

•             Difficulty passing urine

•             Possibility of severe constipation

•             Involuntarily passing wind or lose feces: In case the sphincter muscle gets damaged during a fistulotomy, the person loses control over gas passing.

•             Stool incontinence or bowel incontinence: After surgery, it may happen that the patient is not able to hold onto solid waste i.e. they lose control over ejecting stool. It is also known as fecal incontinence.

•             Re-occurrence: Though the reoccurrence rate is quite low, still there is a probability of it coming back.

Usually, after surgery, you may be given discharge on the same day or a day after the surgery. It is essential that you rest completely for the initial days. However, you can start with a tad of walking which will help in the healing wound. Complete healing would take several weeks. In addition to it, you will be required to wear a pad until the wound is completely healed.

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