Cancer basically has different stages so, as of liver cancer. These stages are classified according to the growth of cancer cells also the treatment is decided according to that stage. When a tumour is found at an early stage and the patient’s liver is working well, then the treatment is aimed at trying to eliminate cancer. On the other hand, when liver cancer is found at a later stage, the patient’s liver stops working well so, at this point, the goals of treatment majorly focus on the slow growth of cancer and relieving symptoms to improve quality of life.
However in cancer different types of doctors often work together to create a patient’s overall treatment plan that combines different types of treatments like counsellors, dieticians, and others. During various therapies the affected part i.e. liver gets damaged so, there is a need to take liver damage treatment in Delhi.
How to go about further treatment depend on several factors;
- Whether cancer has spread
- How much portion of the liver is affected by the cancer
- The damage to the remaining cancer-free area of the liver
- The patient’s preferences and overall health
Disease-directed treatments to eliminate and cure liver cancer
These treatments are most likely to opt when the tumour has been found at an early stage of liver cancer.
This involves the removal of the tumour and some surrounding healthy tissue during an operation. It is considered generally the most successful disease-directed treatment, particularly for patients with good liver function and tumours that can be safely removed from a limited portion of the liver. The surgery is usually done surgical oncologist also hepatobiliary surgeon too have these surgical skills.
Surgery is classified into 2 types;
- Liver transplantation
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
Another treatment is RFA and microwave therapy where both the therapies use heat to destroy cancer cells. These are the most common therapies and are given through the skin, through laparoscopy, or during a surgical operation while a patient is sedated. This treatment approach is also called thermal ablation.
Radiation therapy involves the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells. A radiation oncologist generally performs the procedure.
- Here, involves SBRT a term that is often used to describe several methods of delivering high doses of radiation therapy to a tumour while limiting the amount of radiation to nearby healthy tissue. However, it may involve side effects like damage to the stomach and lungs.
Percutaneous ethanol injection
Percutaneous ethanol injection involves the injection of alcohol in order to destroy the liver tumour. However, it involves some side effects like fever and pain after the procedure. The procedure is simple, safe and is rarely used and has been largely replaced by RFA.
Treatments that are opted in the later stages of cancer
- Targeted therapy
It is basically a drug treatment that targets cancer’s specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival. This type of treatment prevents the growth and spread of cancer cells while limiting damage to healthy cells.
- Chemoembolization and radioembolization
Like hepatic arterial infusion Chemoembolization is a type of chemotherapy treatment which involves the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells, usually by preventing them from growing, dividing, and making more cells. This involves the injection of drugs into the hepatic artery, and the flow of blood through the artery is blocked for a short time so the chemotherapy stays in the tumour longer. Blocking the blood supply to the tumour also tend to destroy the cancer cells. It is also used as a primary treatment for HCC, chemoembolization tends to slow down the tumour growth for people who are on the waiting list for liver transplantation.
Liver cancer cannot be taken casually as it involves proper and timely treatment and utmost care and precautions are to be taken in the case. So, it is imperative to take the best treatment for liver cancer in Delhi as being the capital offers some good options in the city.