VATS stands for video-assisted thoracic surgery which can be defined as a type of minimally invasive thoracic surgery of the chest, performed with a thoracoscope in which a small videoscope is attached. It makes a small incision with special instruments to minimize trauma. However, the procedure is known by different names likehoracoscopy, thoracoscopic surgery or pleuroscopy. This technique is majorly used to diagnose and treat the problems of your chest. The procedure involves the use of a camera and instruments to get to the lung through small incisions in between the ribs.
This surgery offers the patient two different options available for the same:
- Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)
- Robotic-assisted surgery
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)
The procedure involves the use of a small tube called a thoracoscope which is then inserted through a small incision between the ribs. The end of the tube is attached with a small camera, allowing the surgeon to see the entire chest cavity without having to open up the chest or spread the ribs.
Robotic-assisted surgery is the result of the technological advancement, where the surgeon sits at a console next to the patient in the operating room and controls the instruments, including a camera, on the robotic surgical system. Here, a small 3D high definition camera is entered through one of the small incisions to provide a better view of the inside of the chest cavity, while wristed robotic instruments are inserted through the other small incisions made in between the ribs. The surgeon removes lung tissue through one of the small incisions. The use of the wristed instruments allows a better vision for the surgeon without having to make larger incisions to open up the chest or spread the ribs.
Are you the right candidate?
However, it is an unknown fact that now almost all traditional thoracic surgeries can be performed using a minimally invasive technique which proves to be a boon for the heart patients as it causes less pain, blood loss, tissue damage and hospital stay On the other hand it decreases the chances of infection, less hospital stay and faster recovery.
Whether you are the right candidate or not totally depends on your medical evaluation which is done by the doctor. So, the above technique is not for all it depends on patients to patients. Though the minimally invasive technique is always better in terms of features and technology but in some conditions traditional approach is best as gives tremendous result.
What before and after the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery?
Before any surgery or treatment, one has to undergo several tests. So, as with VATS in order to determine whether it is a good option for you or not e.g. undergoing imaging tests, laboratory tests, pulmonary function tests and cardiac evaluation.
There are several risks while undergoing surgery:
- Pneumonia infection
- Anaesthesia-related effects
- Temporary or permanent nerve damage
However, this does not mean that the procedure executed with this technique is not successful but at the same time, some potential risks are always involved with any treatment or surgery.
Vats treatment in India is quite rare but is still emerging with technological advancement. Also, one can opt for this technique in the top-notch hospitals mainly found in Mumbai and Delhi.