Sinus and nasal cancer affect the sinuses, small cavities which are filled with air inside your nose, forehead, and cheekbones, and nasal cavity, which is the space behind your nose. It is a pretty rare type of cancer which usually affects men who are over the age of 40. Nasal and sinus cancer is different from nasopharyngeal cancer, which is the cancer of the area that connects the nose and the throat.
The national capital Delhi sees an influx of patients who come from all over the country. To get treated for nose and throat cancer in Delhi can be an expensive affair but one will find several affordable cancer treatments in south Delhi. You will also find some of the world’s best cancer hospital’s in Greater Kailash, treating nose and throat cancer in Delhi.
The various hospitals for cancer treatment in south Delhi house some of the best oncologists in south Delhi. They are highly trained doctors, having years and years of knowledge and expertise. They have a high level of sympathy, compassion and the right amount of sensitivity to treat people with cancer making them the best oncologist in south Delhi that you will find.
If symptoms of sinus and nasal cancer are detected early, early prevention steps can be taken next. Some symptoms of sinus and nasal cancer are –
- Chronic nasal obstruction which usually affects only one side
- Frequent headaches
- Runny mucus from your nose
- Mucus which is draining in the back of your throat and nose
- There is a decreased sense of smell
- Persistent infections that don’t go away even with antibiotic treatments
- Pain in the sinus region
- Swelling or pain in the eyes, ears or face
- A lump inside the mouth, face or nose
- Continuous watering of the eyes
- Loss of vision or bulging of one eye
- Losing teeth or pain in the teeth
- Difficulty in opening the mouth
- Extreme fatigue
- Unexplained weight loss
Although some of these symptoms can be similar to less serious conditions like sinusitis or cold, one should always consult a doctor if any doubt arises. Past this, at a much later stages, people can experience the more severe symptoms like loss of vision, lump in the throat or mouth, numbness in the face, watering in the eyes or pain and pressure in the ears.
You should see a doctor if you notice something unusual or something persistent with your symptoms. If your general physician thinks that you may have to get more tests done, they may refer you to a ENT (ear, nose and throat) doctor in the hospital.
There are a number of factors which increase the likelihood of developing nasal and sinus cancer. –
- Gender – Men, especially over the age of 40, are more likely to develop this type of cancer rather than women.
- Exposure to certain substances – prolonged exposure to some of the substances that are usually found on your work space like wood dust can also increase the chances of developing cancer. Other substances include, cloth fiber, chromium, nickel, and formaldehyde.
- HPV – HPV stands for human papilloma virus, is a group of virus that affects your skin, throat and mouth. According to research at least 1 in 5 sinus and nasal cancer is related to HPV.
- Smoking – The more you smoke, or the more you are exposed to smoke, your risk of developing sinus and nasal cancer increases.
There are three major types of treatment plans that you will follow which will depend on the stage of cancer at which it was diagnosed, how far out has the cancer spread and your level of general health. A surgery to remove a tumour is performed either as a keyhole surgery which takes place through the nose, which is called endoscopic microsurgery. Chemotherapy, where medicines are used to help and reduce or shrink the growth of a tumour. It also reduces the risk of the tumour returning. And lastly, Radiotherapy where a high energy radiation is used which helps to kill the cancer cells, shrink the tumour before the surgery takes place or kill any remaining cancer cells after the surgery.