Recently, a friend of mine was diagnosed with the presence of hydatid cysts when she consulted the doctors after experiencing blood in her cough and unexplained weight loss. She was provided by a renowned medical institution for hydatid treatment in greater kailash, Delhi. The doctor came to this conclusion, her pet dog’s infected faeces must have been accidentally consumed by her which resulted in echinococcosis or what we normally refer to as the hydatid disease.
We wanted her healthy recovery through an effective means of hydatid disease treatment. The doctors conducted a detailed diagnostic assessment considering a physical examination, computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests, blood tests, and ultrasound. The mode of treatment eventually recommended was surgery but it came with its own risks. She was made aware of the complications which could potentially develop during her hydatid cyst liver treatment. Following are the potential complications which one could experience during the surgical treatment of the hydatid cysts:
Manifested through fever and pain in the abdomen, infections are usually common with the hydatid cysts disease.
• Recurrence of the disease
It is reported that every one out of three people who have suffered from hydatid cyst disease is at risk of developing this condition again even when the hydatid tapeworm treatment proved to be successful.
• Rupture in the thorax
Even though intrathoracic rupture of cysts, its severe impacts can be a matter of concern. The rupture in the thorax is observed in the range of less than one per cent to sixteen per cent of the cases.
• Rupturing of the cysts
During the surgical interventions, the hydatid cysts can rupture causing the spread of tapeworm heads’ through-out the body. In an occult rupture, the cystic fluid drains to the biliary tree. On the other hand, during a frank rupture, the location is in the centrally located cysts.
• Rupture to the biliary tree
It is reported that the rupture to the biliary tree is experienced in almost three to seventeen per cent of the cases. Cholangitis is a common manifestation of such rupture.
• Rupture to the peritoneal cavity
Sometimes due to the increase in the intracystic pressure, the hydatid cysts in the peritoneal cavity can rupture.
All the risks can develop while the patient is still being treated, thereby, the very process of treatment of hydatid cyst can become a risky affair. Doctors have always recommended undergoing a thorough diagnostic assessment to ensure that the underlying causes and the potentiality of complications are assumed beforehand. In addition to these preventive measures, it becomes important to follow certain lifestyle changes after the treatment to avoid the risk of recurrence of the disease. Some of them are listed below:
• If you have a pet dog, ensure that is kept in clean surroundings, they should be made to undergo regular preventive deworming. In case of your dog sick, consult an experienced vet.
• Avoid contact with stray animals no matter how clean they look. Wash your hands with water and soap even after touching your own pet dog.
• The contact of pet animals with the garden area should be restricted by all means.
• Maintaining hygienic conditions and consume fruits only after they have been washed properly.